|Market Size in 2022||Market Forecast in 2030||CAGR (in %)||Base Year|
|USD 161.53 Million||USD 386.47 Million||11.73%||2022|
Fuel Cell Humidifier Market
The global fuel cell humidifier market size was worth around USD 161.53 million in 2022 and is predicted to grow to around USD 386.47 million by 2030 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of roughly 11.73% between 2023 and 2030.
A fuel cell humidifier performs the function of imparting humidity to a fuel cell which is an electrochemical cell converting chemical energy generated from a fuel such as hydrogen and an oxidizing agent which is most likely oxygen into electricity. Fuel cells have widespread application in the modern world and are used for primary and backup power across industrial, residential, and commercial units along with remote or inaccessible areas.
They are also used in trains, forklifts, automobiles, motorcycles, boats, and submarines. Water management plays a crucial role in driving the optimum performance of a fuel cell. Any changes in the humidity level of the cell such as a shift from 85% to 35% may cause performance disruption as with time, the cell may tend to stop functioning as expected along with other losses including polarization, concentration, and mass transportation. In simple terms, a fuel cell humidifier protects or prevents a fuel cell from drying out completely. Additionally, it also imparts humidity by transferring water vapor obtained from the exhaust gasses into intake gasses.
Rising application of fuel cells in the automotive industry to drive market growth
The global fuel cell humidifier market is expected to grow owing to the increased interest of players operating in the automotive sector toward the production of vehicles running on fuel cells. The trend is a result of increasing environmental consciousness and the need to seek sustainable means of further growth in the automobile sector. The surging demand for low-emission including two-wheelers, four-wheelers, trucks, and buses is an indication of the changing consumer pattern. This has resulted in more automotive manufacturers to experiment with fuel cell-powered vehicles as they offer zero emissions and versatility in terms of performance. Researchers are expecting that the interest in fuel cell vehicles can assist in creating a global hydrogen economy where hydrogen can be used to generate electricity across all major industries.
Hyundai, a leading automobile manufacturer, showcased the Nexo fuel cell vehicle at the 2020 Auto Expo. The car is equipped with a hydrogen fuel cell and has already found a dedicated market in the US region. In May 2023, it was reported that Omega Seiki Mobility, a company operating in the electric vehicle (EV) segment, was planning to invest in developing a 3-wheeler offering a driving range of 400 km and powered by a hydrogen fuel cell. The company is looking at an initial investment of USD 5 million for this undertaking. In February 2023, luxury car brand BMW launched a demonstration fleet of cars running on hydrogen fuel cells made by Toyota. The BMW iX5 runs at a top speed of 112 miles per hour with a range of 313 miles. Such projects represent the demand for hydrogen fuel cell cars thus leading to higher consumption of fuel cell modifiers.
High cost of fuel cell humidifiers to restrict market growth
The global fuel cell humidifier market expansion trajectory is expected to be blocked due to the high cost of fuel cell humidifiers. These systems are manufactured using specialized parts and components including catalysts and superior-grade proton exchange membranes (PEMs). The higher cost of fuel cell humidifiers that are used in hydrogen-powered cars as compared to machines running on traditional internal combustion engines may restrict new players from entering the market. In addition to this, there is a significant lack in terms of hydrogen refueling infrastructure on a global scale. This makes extensive adoption of fuel cell-powered objects more restricted and gives rise to the need for establishing a function and large network of consistent hydrogen supply which may take a few years thus limiting the use of fuel cell humidifiers.
Ongoing research and development (R&D) surrounding fuel cell humidifier technology to create expansion opportunities
The fuel cell humidifier industry is expected to witness higher growth possibilities due to the ongoing R&D surrounding the performance and efficiency of fuel cell humidifiers. This also includes strategic partnerships between players to bring the best of their resources together which may lead to superior innovation. For instance, in October 2022, Fraunhofer Institute for Microengineering and Microsystems (IMM) and Parker Hannifin’s Engine Mobile Filtration EMEA Division (EMFE) partnered to work on developing and testing new proprietary hollow fiber membrane technology which will be further used for fuel cell humidification uses. The companies will collaborate to disrupt the field of fell cell humidifiers with extensive innovation. In August 2023, EMFE reached a milestone with the successful mass production of the hollow fiber membrane technology.
Presence of alternate technologies with an extensive market to challenge growth in the industry
One of the key challenges faced by the new entrants in the industry for fuel cell humidifiers is the existing market for alternative technologies including internal combustion engines, battery electric vehicles, natural gas vehicles, and automobiles running on biofuel to name a few. These markets are much older in terms of presence and have already created commercial consumers. The global market players will have to invest more and come up with more aggressive means to create higher awareness and adoption rates.
The global fuel cell humidifier market is segmented based on humidification type, type, method of humidification, fuel cell, and region.
Based on humidification type, the global market segments are water to gas and gas to gas.
Based on type, the fuel cell humidifier industry is divided into hollow fiber membrane humidifier, recirculating humidifier, and flat membrane humidifier. In 2022, the highest growth was observed in the flat membrane humidifier segment and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 26.25% during the forecast period. The growth is a result of extensive growth measures adopted by players in this particular segment. For instance, in 2019, the Center of Competence Fuel Cell was founded by Valmet Automotive to promote research on fuel cell technology. Factors such as cost-effectiveness, precise control, and efficiency are the leading factors for segmental popularity.
Based on method of humidification, the global market divisions are external humidification and internal humidification.
Based on application, the segments in the fuel cell humidifier industry include defense, automotive, marine, backup power, transportation, and others. The automotive industry was the largest adopter of fuel cell humidifiers in 2022 as a result of increased R&D and changing inclination toward environmentally friendly vehicles. The transportation segment is expected to grow at a CAGR of 28.6% during the forecast period. The consumers in the transportation industry include regional governments as they are seeking means to reduce carbon emissions and reliance on non-renewable sources of fuel and energy.
|Report Attributes||Report Details|
|Report Name||Fuel Cell Humidifier Market|
|Market Size in 2022||USD 161.53 Million|
|Market Forecast in 2030||USD 386.47 Million|
|Growth Rate||CAGR of 11.73%|
|Number of Pages||211|
|Key Companies Covered||Perma Pure, Freudenberg Filtration Technologies, CellKraft, MANN+HUMMEL, Permselect, Kolon Industries Enprise Corp., Zehnder, Fumatech, Pentair, and others.|
|Segments Covered||By Humidification Type, By Type, By Method of Humidification, By Application, and By Region|
|Regions Covered||North America, Europe, Asia Pacific (APAC), Latin America, Middle East, and Africa (MEA)|
|Historical Year||2017 to 2021|
|Forecast Year||2023 - 2030|
|Customization Scope||Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Request For Customization|
Asia-Pacific to grow at the highest CAGR during the coming period
The global fuel cell humidifier market is expected to witness the highest growth in Asia-Pacific. Japan and China may act as the leading contributors as a result of the presence of robust automotive industries in both countries. Japan has been at the forefront of revolutionizing the regional automobile sector with constant innovation in terms of technology, marketing & sales strategies, and creating quality vehicles across the price range.
Japan has created a mark in emerging economies such as India for the supply of fuel-efficient and novel passenger cars and such projects are expected to help Asia-Pacific to witness further growth which may be pushed to the increasing interest of the regional government in developing hydrogen fuel cell humidifiers. However, a key point to note is that some of the countries in Asia-Pacific lack a proper hydrogen supply chain and they may have to invest significantly in creating a functional network of hydrogen refueling. Europe is projected to play a crucial role in global market expansion. This is mainly due to the changing norms discouraging the use of non-renewable and environmentally poisonous fuels for generating electricity.
The global fuel cell humidifier market is led by players like:
By Humidification Type
By Method of Humidification
A fuel cell humidifier performs the function of imparting humidity to a fuel cell which is an electrochemical cell converting chemical energy generated from a fuel such as hydrogen and an oxidizing agent which is most likely oxygen into electricity.
The global fuel cell humidifier market is expected to grow owing to the increased interest of players operating in the automotive sector toward the production of vehicles running on fuel cells.
According to study, the global fuel cell humidifier market size was worth around USD 161.53 million in 2022 and is predicted to grow to around USD 386.47 billion by 2030.
The CAGR value of the fuel cell humidifier market is expected to be around 11.73% during 2023-2030.
The global fuel cell humidifier market is expected to witness the highest growth in Asia-Pacific.
The global fuel cell humidifier market is led by players like Perma Pure, Freudenberg Filtration Technologies, CellKraft, MANN+HUMMEL, Permselect, Kolon Industries Enprise Corp., Zehnder, Fumatech, and Pentair.
The report explores crucial aspects of the fuel cell humidifier market including detailed discussion of existing growth factors and restraints while also browsing future growth opportunities and challenges that impact the market.